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They determined the way the dangerous factors caused by the processes of flooding influence on environment and living conditions, they are the following: they estimated water resources quality, violation of water balance conditions on the flooded territories (the loss of  drainage capacity of rivers and underground drainage formation), the process of activation of dangerous exogenous processes,  they also theoretically grounded  the necessity of correction of  calculation method of filtration flow with the use of filtration resistance.

On the basis of these researches they gave recommendations according the usage of widespread methods of filtration resistance for difficult geological conditions of water-bearing layer and stationary filtration flow near the facilities of engineering protection from flood.

Mathematical model of forecasting of ground water level changes in aquifer with the level fluctuations in water receiver on conditions of three-ply water-bearing layer allows to make a reliable assessment and the forecast on flood level of a sloping hill which, in turn, allows to make promptly a managerial nature-green decision on provision of a territory with the necessary level of environmental safety.

The method of estimation of individual risk on the built-over flooded territories by taking into account the slopping hills was improved.

Keywords: environmental safety, flooding, ground water.

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Olena Voloshkina

Chief Editor | D.SC.

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3671-4449 | Researcher ID: G-8607-2017. Doctor of Science, Head of Occupation safety and Environment Department at Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture with more than 33 years of professional experience. She is engaged in the development, which makes it possible to evaluate and forecast the formation of the quality of surface and underground water sources, ecological safety of territories and water areas. In the creative work of Voloshkina O.S. about 130 scientific works, including study guides, two patents for invention, monograph "Issues of environmental safety of surface water objects" (2007). Professor Voloshkina is Corresponding Member of Ukrainian Academy of Engineering Sciences. Honorary Professor of Shenyang University (China), a member of the methodical subcommittee of the Ministry of Education of Ukraine for the development of standards of specialty 101 "Ecology" of the knowledge 10 "Natural sciences."



  1. Flooding can cause major disruptions, and lead to significant impacts on people, the economy and on the environment. This paper presents a state-of-the-art literature review on the environmental safety of a territory due to the dangerous processes of flooding in urban areas, detailing their application, and their limitations. It describes techniques for dealing Mathematical model of forecasting of groundwater level changes in the aquifer with the level fluctuations, as well as methodologies for integrating them. The paper will also identify future avenues for progress in improving the techniques.

  2. The researches made are very important as flood can cause many disasters to human settlements. And if the methods are used in reality, I think it can help to avoid many problems concerning flooding processes and their consequences.

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