Professional aspects of the market of Ukraine.
Alla Bielova 1* Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor
Svetlana Koval 2 Candidate of Science (Economics), Senior Researcher, Associate Professor.
1* Department of Economics and Management of the GSP "Institute of Innovation Education" of Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Vozduhoflotsky Avenue 31, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
2 State Higher Educational Establishment «Pereyaslav-Khmelnyckyi State Pedagogic University named Grygoriy Skovoroda» str. Sukhomlinsky, 30, Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy, Kiev region, 08401, Ukraine
Received: 02/20/2019; Accepted: 03/30/2019; Available online: 04/29/2019.
*Corresponding author e-mail: email@example.com
Under a creative commons license. Volume 3, Issue 1, 2019, pages: 39-47.
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Author Keywords: labor market, statistical analysis of processes, raising the level of employment of the population, national labor market, a policy of market transformation of the economy, statistical analysis of employment processes.
The subject of the article is the study of specific problems of professional suitability of the labor force to the needs of the labor market in Ukraine by statistical estimation of the dynamics and structure of some indicators in 2015 and 2017. The study used general scientific and special statistical methods: analysis of dynamics and synthesis, analogy and comparison, expert assessments, etc. On the basis of the study of the numerical characteristics of the main indicators of the labor market, an analysis of certain professional aspects of the problems in the field of employment and unemployment in Ukraine was conducted, and the main prospects for their possible future development in the modern conditions were investigated. It has been determined that the professional training of specialists and their formation as an integral personal formation necessitates a comprehensive and systematic study of the essence of this phenomenon, and should meet the requirements of the labor market and the tasks of progressive dynamic development of the country.
Formulation of the problem. The problem of the development of the labor market and raising the level of employment in Ukraine today is very relevant. It is connected, firstly, with the fact that support for such development is one of the most important tasks of state policy. At the same time, creation of the conditions for the formation and development of the national labor market is one of the directions of the policy of market transformation of the Ukrainian economy. Its place and role in the structure of the market economy are determined by the fact that it is one of the most important signs of a market economy and a basic precondition for the development of any country. Second, the need to address labor market issues in today's society is becoming more urgent because of many reasons and one of them is the inconsistency of training workers is governed through a set of measures on the state level. The state acts as a general social institution, which should create conditions for the realization of the need for socially useful work of the subjects of society. Therefore, measures to address the problems of employment and unemployment of the population are in the targeted regulation of many socio-economic, educational aspects, one of which is the professional suitability of workers to the needs of the labor market. Analysis of recent research and publications. The question of the functioning of the labor market and the principles for its regulation have been highlighted in numerous papers by scholars, research scientists, economists, sociologists, and specialists in public administration: Z.P. Baranik, D.P. Goddess, O.V. Bokova, V.S. Vasilchenko, M. I. Dolishnii, T.M. Kirian, G.I. Kupalova, E.M. Libanova, V.V. Onikienka, L.G. Rozhdestvenskaya, V.A. Savchenko, G.G.Trofimova, O.M. Umansky, V.M. Chamoty, L.S. Shevchenko and others. But at present, Ukraine lacks fundamental scientific works, in which there would be an integrated approach to studying the problems of state regulation in the current conditions in the direction of balancing demand and supply, and the consistency of the state of vocational training with the needs of the labor market. The purpose of the article is to review and statistical analysis of the processes of employment and unemployment of the Ukrainian population in terms of consistency of professional compliance of employees with the needs of the labor market.
Therefore, in order to achieve a professional balance in the Ukrainian labor market, a complex of measures aimed at optimizing the socio-economic efficiency of labor use is necessary. This complex is based, in particular, on the professional training of specialists and its formation as an integral personal formation, which necessitates a comprehensive and systematic study of the essence and trends of this phenomenon. Therefore, vocational training of employees must meet the requirements of the labor market and the tasks of progressive dynamic development of the country.
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Please cite as: A.Bielova, S.Koval “Professional aspects of the market of Ukraine.” USEFUL online journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 39-47, April 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32557/useful-3-1-2019-0005